EAST ASIA STUDY QUESTIONS

You, a successful industry developer, have a progressive idea regarding establishing a specialized industry in China that should have a strong international market. Where is the best place to locate?
A. Guangdong
B. Sichuan
C. Liaoning
D. Xinjiang
E. Gansu

Catastrophic flooding along the Hwang He floodplains has been a major problem because of the
A. Three Gorges Dam
B. Loess erosion and alluvium
C. Gobi Desert
D. Great Wall
E. Desertification

China's government position on the Internet can best be described as/by:
A. It is forbidden except in government offices.
B. Information, art and entertainment are regarded as government property, distributed to the public (or not) according to what party officials think best.
C. Available in homes and Internet cafes but so heavily taxed to make it affordable for most citizens.
D. Free and open, without controls or oversight.
E. Nobody knows--it's all top secret.

Japan’s primary resource advantage continues to be its
A. Mineral resources in the mountains.
B. Offshore energy resources.
C. Highly educated and disciplined human resources.
D. Extensive rice growing areas.
E. Well-maintained public transportation system.

As a rather poor and puritanical nation, China is suspicious of any capitalism they perceive as a vice, including Macau's gambling enterprises (and the naughty associated fun stuff). Macau's progress since its return to China in 1999 is best described as:
A. Very low key, dwindling because of government disapproval, but still a small economic contributor.
B. Making a profit when measured against its high cost to China, but being turned into a manufacturing SEZ.
C. Doing very well as an entertainment center, but facing new competition from Hong Kong, Shanghai, and other SEZs.
D.
Surpassing the Las Vegas Strip to become the world’s biggest gambling center.

If we were to make a documentary (sort of like the Power of Place) of China's SEZs, a consistent theme we would have to show is:
A. Chinese slavery and poor human rights record.
B. China’s cheap labor and globalization
process.
C.
China’s outsourcing of jobs.
D. The declining value of the Yuan and its increasing impact on workers.
E. Hong Kong's dominance in population and economic growth.

In terms of regional impact, other nations could fear Japan's
A. Hegemony
B. Military
C. Islamic jihad
D. Cultural influence
E. Economic influence

The leading commercial center of China is:
A. Shanghai
B. Beijing
C. Taipei
D. Tiajin
E. Shenzhen

Which of the following is false concerning the western sections of China?
A. much of the area is a flat plain
B. much of the area is mountainous or is a high plateau
C. many of Asia’s great rivers arise in the mountains and high plateaus
D. the area is sparsely populated
E. much of the area is a highland (H) climate

Climates in western China are affected by severe:
A. maritime conditions
B. continentality
C. hurricanes
D. typhoons

The Chinese were, historically:
A. isolated from much of the rest of the world
B. anxious to play a major role in world affairs
C. conquerors of much of Africa at various times in their history
D. rulers over Japan
E. rulers over much of northern India

The attempt to rekindle the revolutionary spirit in China in the 1960s was known as the:
A. Great Leap Forward
B. Sepoy Rebellion
C. Cultural Revolution
D. Extraterritoriality Debate
E. Long March

Which of the following was introduced to control population?
A. the one child policy
B. the cheap condom
C. female infanticide
D. late marriage
E. the encouragement of emigration

Major iron and steel producing activities occur in:
A. Beijing
B. Lhasa
C. Northeast China
D. Shanghai
E. Hong Kong (Xianggang)

One of the worlds’ most heavily populated agricultural areas is known as:
A. Xizang
B. Chang-Yangzi Basin
C. Xinjiang
D. Shazam
E. North China Plain

The outcome of the Korean War in the 1950s was:
A. defeated North Korea was returned to the control of Japan
B. victory for the South, which soon became communist
C. a military stalemate resulting in the continued division of the country
D. a short pause, followed by renewed war that still drags on to this day
E. the unification of the two Koreas

Which of the following statements about Japan is false?
A. Relations with Russia are rocky as a result over a dispute concerning the Kurile Islands
B. Relations with Korea are difficult because of Japanese behavior during World War II
C. The population of Japan is aging, creating a labor shortage
D. Japan has never formally apologized to China for its occupation before World War II
E. Japan has numerous ethnic minorities that lead to significant internal strife

Japan’s population:
A. is above 125 million, crowded on limited land on a few islands
B. is almost 50% urbanized-a high figure for a recently developed country
C. can be adequately fed (despite its size) by Japan's farmers and fishermen
D. is moving to the rural areas; the percentage of farmers in recent years has been increasing
E. has the highest physiological density in the world

Japan’s population:
A. is expected to decline during the next century
B. is concentrated in the inland areas
C. has a very low rate of literacy
D. is concentrated in Hokkaido
E. is reflective of a multicultural society

Japan’s natural landscapes:
A. resemble those of populous South Asia: wide alluvial valleys crowded by millions of farmers, plateau country elsewhere
B. being tropical, consists of dense stands of forest and clearings of farmland
C. are mountainous and hilly, with flat land at a premium
D. consist of all the usual landforms except mountains, which are not found anywhere on the islands
E. delayed Japan’s modernization by inhibiting contact and communications with the Asian mainland

The Special Economic Zone that has been most successful is:
A. Shandong
B. Shenzhen
C. Guangdong
D. Hainan Island
E) Hong Kong (Xianggang)

The leader who took over in China following Mao was:
A. Deng Xiaoping
B. Mao’s son
C. Chiang Kai-Shek
D. Sun Yat-sen
E. Zhou Enlai

Xizang:
A. is the Chinese name for Tibet
B. is Buddhist
C. has suffered from the destruction of its culture by the Chinese
D. has its capital at Lhasa
E. all of the above

The major water project in central China that may lead to environmental damage is:
A. Liao Dam
B. Grand Canal
C. Three Gorges Dam
D. Great Wall Dam
E. Songhua

China's southeastern region climate is most similar to
A. The U.S. Southeast
B. The U.S. Southwest
C. Mongolia
D. Northeast China Plain
E. Japan

China's economy can be characterized best as:
A. Struggling
B. Reasonably profitable
C. Good overall
D. Booming/sizzling
E. Crashing

A worse case scenario regarding North Korea's potential actions could be:
A. Invasion of South Korea.
B. Invasion of China.
C. Nuclear missile attack on Japan.
D. Meltdown of nuclear power plant.
E. Commando attack on the Beijing Olympics

Which one of the below is not a high tech "powerhouse"?
A. Guangdong
B. Tokyo
C. Seoul
D. Taiwan
E. Pyongyang

Which one of these cities will be the most important for China's continued economic development over the next 20 years?
A. Beijing (discounting the governmental control functions)
B. Harbin

C. Shanghai
D. Urumqi
E. Shenzhen

The highest TFR nation (give the letter and number):
A. China
B. Japan
C. Mongolia
D. North Korea
E. South Korea


The photo above shows the economic and cultural vibrancy of
A. Lhasa, Tibet
B. Tokyo, Japan
C. Pyongyang, NK
D. Tiananmen Square, Beijing
E. Ulaanbaatar


The photo above shows which city?
A. Hong Kong (Xianggang)
B. Macau
C. Lhasa
D. Urumqi
E. Ulaanbaatar

China, like many newly industrializing nations, is an environmental mess. What is the government position on environmental awareness?
A. Economic growth is the only focus for a while; the environment is not important in comparison and must wait for attention later.
B. Some awareness is evident in its science and technology, with a little attention to the most polluted areas.
C. New government awareness--more work on energy conservation and emissions reduction is urgently required to deal with global climate change.
D. An eco-friendly Green attitude is sweeping the nation, with a new "Cultural Revolution" underway and hordes of "Green Guards" undertaking environmental clean-ups and demonstrations for eco-political change.

Which nation has the highest QOL, using such measures as infant mortality, life expectancy, income, and others?
A. North Korea
B. Mongolia
C. China
D. Japan
E. South Korea

Tokyo commutes are long and crowded. Will the American paradigm of owning and using private automobiles work and be a better commuting solution for the city? Why or why not? Provide 2 very good reasons to support your answer (bullet points and brief explanations).

Assuming the U.S. stagnates in terms of economy and political power (but does not actually decline), will China still become the number 1 superpower by mid-century, as predicted by many experts? Yes or No? Give two convincing reasons (bullet points and brief explanations). Do not be simplistic, e.g., avoid the "large population" type answer (which won't propel any nation to supremacy).

Ok, so whether or not China actually becomes THE preeminent nation, certainly it is rapidly growing and spreading its reach and influence. (a) How will China affect you (and those like you in general) in your adulthood? (b) Why must you (and those like you in general) have a good understanding of China in the next several decades? Be specific. Offer 2 very good points or reasons for both questions (bullet points and brief explanations).

Use the questions on the chapter notes and discussion notes. Many are very good for understanding the themes and study case nations and are excellent candidates for multiple choice, fill-in, and extended answer questions.

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PUBLISHER'S TEST BANK
(Some good, some bad)

Chapter: Chapter 10: Southeast Asia

Multiple Choice

1. Which of the following is false?
A) East Timor is the realm's newest state.
B) Thailand was a French colony.
C) Southeast Asia contains some of the world’s largest remaining stands of tropical
forests.
D) Southeast Asia can be considered a buffer zone.
E) Southeast Asia can be considered a shatter belt.

2. A former Portuguese colony that is the newest state in Southeast Asia is:
A) Macau
B) East Timor
C) Brunei
D) Papua New Guinea
E) Laos

3. Southeast Asian physiography is dominated by:
A) plateaus
B) mountains
C) extensive flat plains
D) rolling plains
E) none of the above

4. Which of the following statements is false?
A) The Southeast Asian realm exhibits shatter belt characteristics.
B) Compared to neighboring realms, Southeast Asia has a relatively low population
density.
C) The river valleys of mainland Southeast Asia are sparsely populated.
D) Southeast Asia is culturally fragmented.
E) All of the above are correct.

5. Southeast Asia, compared to the realm dominated by the Indian subcontinent, is:
A) less densely populated
B) more densely populated than India and possesses a much lower standard of living
C) very heavily urbanized, with sparse populations in the rural areas
D) entirely a remnant of the British colonial empire in Asia
E) much less affected by Chinese immigration

6. Half of Southeast Asia’s population lives in which two countries?
A) Indonesia and Singapore
B) Indonesia and the Philippines
C) Vietnam and the Philippines
D) Malaysia and Myanmar
E) Malaysia and Thailand

7. Large-scale population clusters in Southeast Asia exist in all but which of the following areas?
A) lower valleys of major rivers
B) deltas of major rivers
C) zones of plantation development in Malaysia
D) areas of volcanic soil in the islands
E) interior highland regions

8. Agriculture in Southeast Asia is limited by:
A) desert conditions
B) permafrost
C) leached tropical soils
D) severe dietary restrictions caused by food taboos
E) all of the above

9. Which association is incorrect?
A) Myanmar, Irrawaddy
B) Thailand, Chao Phraya
C) Laos, Liao
D) southern Vietnam, Mekong
E) northern Vietnam, Red

10. A country in Southeast Asia that remained, for the most part, an independent state during the colonial era was:
A) Vietnam
B) Thailand
C) Borneo
D) Tonkin
E) Myanmar (Burma)

11. Which of the following was not a part of French Indochina?
A) Tonkin
B) Siam
C) Cambodia
D) Laos
E) Vietnam

12. Which of the following colonial associations is incorrect?
A) Spain, Philippines
B) Britain, Malaya
C) Netherlands, Burma
D) France, Vietnam
E)  Portugal, Timor

13. Which of the following countries was once part of British India?
A) Philippines
B) Sumatera (Sumatra)
C) Myanmar (Burma)
D) Malaysia
E) Thailand

14. Which of the following was not colonized by the Dutch?
A) Jawa
B) Sumatera (Sumatra)
C) Borneo
D) Sulawesi (Celebes)
E) Luzon

15. In 1965, _______ broke away from Malaysia and became a seperate political entity in Southeast Asia.
A) Singapore
B) Hong Kong
C) East Timor
D) Brunei
E) Borneo

16. _______ held onto eastern Timor well after the Dutch left the East Indies.
A) Portugal
B) Spain
C) Australia
D) Papua New Guinea
E) Japan

17. The largest Muslim country in the world in terms of population is:
A) Bangladesh
B) Iran
C) Pakistan
D) Indonesia
E) Nigeria

18. The ethnic group forming a significant part of the commercial class in Southeast Asia are the:
A) Chinese
B) British
C) Singaporeans
D) Malaysians
E) Indians

19. In Myanmar, Thailand, and Cambodia, most of the people are:
A) Buddhists
B) Hindus
C) Muslims
D) Chinese
E) Christians

20. The “Golden Triangle” is located around the borders of:
A) Myanmar, Laos, and Thailand
B) Vietnam, Laos, and China
C) Indonesia, Laos, and Thailand
D) Thailand, Cambodia, and Laos
E) Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam

21. The first stage in boundary evolution is:
A) mapping
B) definition
C) delimitation
D) demarcation
E) superimposition

22. A boundary is actually marked on the ground during the stage called:
A) administration
B) allocation (definition)
C) delimitation
D) demarcation
E) antecedence

23. The theory that indicates that destabilization in one area will eventually affect neighboring areas is:
A) Vietnam syndrome
B) allocation theory
C) shatter belt theory
D) domino theory
E) forward capital theory

24. An example of a relict boundary is the boundary between:
A) North and South Vietnam
B) North and South Korea
C) Myanmar and Thailand
D) Indonesia and East Timor
E) United States and Canada

25. A boundary developing contemporaneously with a cultural landscape, and adjusting to linguistic, religious, and ethnic breaks, is termed:
A) superimposed
B) relict
C) antecedent
D) subsequent
E) irredentist

26. The genetic classification of boundaries relates the political boundary’s creation to:
A) its appearance on the map as straight, curved, or irregular
B) its length (or persistence) - whether it is an attenuated or abbreviated boundary
C) the physical landscape through which it lies, whether that landscape is uniform or
complex
D) the stage of development of the cultural landscape in the boundary area at the time the boundary was laid down
E) the degree of penetration of the boundary by roads, railroads, pipelines, etc.

27. A country that is elongated is:
A) Cambodia
B) Vietnam
C) Brunei
D) Myanmar
E) Indonesia

28. Saigon is today named after the communist leader who founded modern Vietnam, a revolutionary named:
A) Kuala Lumpur       
B) Kim Il Sung          
C) Ho Chi Minh
D) Dien Bien Phu      
E) Pol Pot

29. Cochin China is today a part of:
A) the Philippines
B) Vietnam
C) Myanmar (Burma)
D) Indonesia
E) Malaysia

30. The colonial power that lost at Dien Bien Phu in 1954 was the:
A) United States
B) British
C) French
D) Japanese
E) Chinese

31. Which country shares no common boundary with Vietnam?
A) Laos
B) Thailand
C) Cambodia
D) People’s Republic of China
E) All of the above

32. The two core areas of Vietnam are centered at:
A) Cochin China and Annam
B) Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City
C) Singapore and Kuala Lumpur
D) Da Nang and Dien Bien Phu
E) Viangchan and Phnom Penh

33. The Southeast Asian nation that is still ruled by a communist regime is:
A) Myanmar
B) Vietnam
C) Thailand
D) Papua New Guinea
E) Indonesia
34. The Southeast Asian nation that exhibits the greatest degree of compactness is:
A) Laos
B) Cambodia
C) Thailand
D) Papua New Guinea
E) Indonesia

35. Angkor Wat is located in which country?
A) Vietnam
B) Cambodia
C) Laos
D) Brunei
E) Indonesia

36. The Khmer Rouge killed as many as 2 million people in an attempt to change the society of:
A) Vietnam
B) Cambodia
C) Laos
D) Brunei
E) Indonesia

37. The poorest state in Indochina is:
A) Laos
B) Brunei
C) Thailand
D) Singapore
E) Indonesia

38. Which of the following associations is false?
A) Philippines and Manila
B) Myanmar and Yangon
C) Indonesia and Jakarta
D) Laos and Hanoi
E) Thailand and Bangkok

39. Three countries located on the Malay Peninsula are:
A) Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam
B) Malaysia, Thailand, Myanmar
C) China, Korea, Malaysia
D) Malaysia, Korea, Tibet
E) Malaya, Indonesia, Singapore

40. The Southeast Asian state that has a proruption is:
A) Laos
B) Cambodia
C) Thailand
D) Malaysia
E) Indonesia

41. The vast majority of Thailand’s Muslim population lives in the:
A) Far north
B) Bangkok area
C) border zone with Malaysia
D) Mekong River Delta
E) Golden Triangle

42. Which of the following colonial associations is false?
A) Netherlands and Indonesia           
B) Spain and Thailand
C) France and Laos
D) Great Britain and Myanmar (Burma)
E) Great Britain and Singapore

43. Which of the following associations is false?
A) Indonesia and Islam
B) Philippines and Catholicism
C) Thailand and Buddhism
D) Myanmar and Hinduism
E) Malaysia and Islam

44. An example of a country with a proruption is:
A) Cambodia
B) Myanmar
C) Vietnam
D) Brunei
E) Malaysia

45. Which of the following is a former British colony?
A) Myanmar (Burma)
B) Thailand
C) Cambodia
D) the Philippines
E) East Timor

46. The two eastern provinces of Malaysia are:
A) Sarawak and Sabah
B) Borneo and Sumatera (Sumatra)
C) Singapore and Malaya
D) Brunei and Sabah
E) Brunei and Singapore

47. The small oil rich Islamic sultanate in Southeast Asia is:
A) Kalimantan
B) Singapore
C) Brunei
D) Sulawesi
E) East Timor

48. Singapore:
A) was a British colony
B) has a large Chinese population
C) was once a part of Malaysia
D) lies on a small island
E) all of the above

49. The ethnic group that accounts for over 75% of Singapore’s population are the:
A) Indians
B) Chinese
C) Indonesians
D) British
E) Malays

50. An archipelago is:
A) a chain of islands
B) an elongated state
C) a state with two proruptions
D) best exemplified by Laos
E) a divided state on the mainland

51. Indonesia is a state located:
A) on two major islands
B) on more than 17,000 islands
C) on both the Asian mainland and the island of Borneo
D) between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean
E) B and D above

52. Most of the population of Indonesia is located on the Island of:
A) Sulawesi
B) Singapore
C) Jawa
D) Kalimantan
E) Timor

53. The island of ________ is the largest and westernmost island of Indonesia.
A) Maluku
B) Borneo
C) Sumatera (Sumatra)
D) Luzon
E) Jawa (Java)

54. The island of ________ is the Indonesian island that borders the Strait of Malacca.
A) Sulawesi
B) Borneo
C) Sumatera (Sumatra)
D) Luzon
E) Jawa (Java)

55. The island of ________ is the Indonesian island that is identified as a minicontinent.
A) Sulawesi
B) Borneo
C) Sumatera (Sumatra)
D) Celebes
E) Jawa (Java)

56. The Indonesian island of ________ contains the Minahasa Peninsula, an area that sided with the Dutch during Indonesia’s liberation from colonial rule.
A) Sulawesi
B) Borneo
C) Sumatera (Sumatra)
D) Luzon
E) Jawa (Java)

57. The now-ended policy of the Indonesian government to induce Jawanese to move to other islands was called:
A) domino development
B) transmigration
C) Indonesianization
D) Jawanization
E) ethnic cleansing

58. The state that has unresolved issues with Australia over undersea oil reserves is:
A) Thailand
B) New Zealand
C) East Timor
D) Papua New Guinea
E) Philippines

59. The two main islands in the Philippines are:
A) Mindanao and Luzon
B) Borneo and Celebes
C) Singapore and Brunei
D) Timor and Jawa
E) Sulawesi and Luzon

60. The Muslim stronghold in the Philippines is:
A) Luzon
B) the Visayan archipelago
C) the southern islands
D) Timor
E) Manila

True/False

61. The city-state commanding access to the strategic Strait of Malacca is Hong Kong.

62. Like Eastern Europe, Southeast Asia is a region of great cultural complexity that merits the label shatter belt.

63. Southeast Asia can be considered a buffer zone as well as a shatter belt.

64. The total population of Southeast Asia is relatively modest compared to the populations of India and China.

65. The population of Southeast Asia tends to be evenly spread over the realm’s fragmented land area.

66. The island of Jawa (Java) is one of the world’s most intensively cultivated areas, owing to its rich volcanic soils.

67. The mountains to the north of mainland Southeast Asia have hindered travel into the region.

68. The Khmer people form the majority of the population in Cambodia.

69. The term Malaysia refers only to those former British protectorates on the mainland.

70. The United States acquired the Philippines from Japan at the end of World War II.

71. Dutch colonialism eventually united over 17,000 islands into one state.

72. The Philippines’ last colonial master, which granted the country independence in 1946, was the United States.

73. The island of Singapore was a British colony.

74. Indonesia is the world’s most populous Muslim country.

75. In Singapore, the Chinese constitute more than 75% of the population.

76. In boundary creation, the delimitation stage precedes the demarcation stage.

77. Antecedent boundaries are decided before significant settlement of an area occurs.

78. Subsequent boundaries are decided after significant settlement of an area occurs.

79. The boundary between Singapore and Malaysia is known as a relict boundary.

80. Vietnam constitutes an elongated state.

81. Cochin China was the name of the French colonial stronghold centered on the Mekong Delta of the former country of South Vietnam.

82. More than half of Vietnam’s population was born after the Indochina War.

83. North and South Vietnam were united in 1976.

84. Vietnam has more than one core area.

85. Cambodia is a good example of an elongated state.

86. Laos is Southeast Asia’s only landlocked country.

87. The heart of Thailand lies in the Chao Phraya River basin.

88. Myanmar, unlike other Southeast Asian nations, has no ethnic minorities.

89. The Kayin (Karen), a people living in the proruption of Burma, wish to create an autonomous area within Burma.

90. East Malaysia includes Sarawak and Sabah.

91. Singapore lies on the Straits of Malacca.

92. People of Chinese descent make up a large of the population of Singapore.

93. In Singapore, the Chinese constitute more than 75% of the population.

94. Singapore has an authoritarian government and a market economy.

95. A state whose national territory consists of two or more separated parts is prorupt.

96. The island of Jawa (Java) became the focus of Netherlands administration in Southeast Asia.

97. Indonesia has ended its policy of transmigration which involved the resettlement of Jawanese to other islands.

98. Manila is located on the island of Mindanao.

99. There is a Muslim-based insurgency in the southern islands of Indonesia.

100. The two largest islands in the Philippines are Luzon and Mindanao.

 

Fill-in-the-blank

101. The boundary-type that is defined and delimited before the main elements of its cultural landscape begin to develop is known as a(n) ____________.

102. Both Thailand and Myanmar are examples of states whose territorial morphologies can be classified as __________.

103. The communist leader who founded modern North Vietnam and after whom the capital of reunited Vietnam (formerly Saigon) was renamed in 1976 was __________.

104. Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) lies in the delta region of the _______________ River.

105. Countries such as the Philippines, Indonesia, and Malaysia, whose territory consists of numerous parts separated by water and/or foreign territory, are called __________ states by political geographers.

106. The world’s most populous Islamic country is ______________.

107. Banda Aceh, the city most devastated by the 2004 tsunami, is located on the Indonesian island of _______________.

108. The megacity that is the capital of Indonesia is ______________.

109. Papua, the Indonesian province that lies in the Pacific Realm, is located on the island of _______________.

110. The most important island of the Philippines, which contains the capital of Manila, is called __________.