(Some good, some bad)

Chapter: Chapter 10: Southeast Asia

Multiple Choice

1. Which of the following is false?
A) East Timor is the realm's newest state.
B) Thailand was a French colony.
C) Southeast Asia contains some of the world’s largest remaining stands of tropical
D) Southeast Asia can be considered a buffer zone.
E) Southeast Asia can be considered a shatter belt.

2. A former Portuguese colony that is the newest state in Southeast Asia is:
A) Macau
B) East Timor
C) Brunei
D) Papua New Guinea
E) Laos

3. Southeast Asian physiography is dominated by:
A) plateaus
B) mountains
C) extensive flat plains
D) rolling plains
E) none of the above

4. Which of the following statements is false?
A) The Southeast Asian realm exhibits shatter belt characteristics.
B) Compared to neighboring realms, Southeast Asia has a relatively low population
C) The river valleys of mainland Southeast Asia are sparsely populated.
D) Southeast Asia is culturally fragmented.
E) All of the above are correct.

5. Southeast Asia, compared to the realm dominated by the Indian subcontinent, is:
A) less densely populated
B) more densely populated than India and possesses a much lower standard of living
C) very heavily urbanized, with sparse populations in the rural areas
D) entirely a remnant of the British colonial empire in Asia
E) much less affected by Chinese immigration

6. Half of Southeast Asia’s population lives in which two countries?
A) Indonesia and Singapore
B) Indonesia and the Philippines
C) Vietnam and the Philippines
D) Malaysia and Myanmar
E) Malaysia and Thailand

7. Large-scale population clusters in Southeast Asia exist in all but which of the following areas?
A) lower valleys of major rivers
B) deltas of major rivers
C) zones of plantation development in Malaysia
D) areas of volcanic soil in the islands
E) interior highland regions

8. Agriculture in Southeast Asia is limited by:
A) desert conditions
B) permafrost
C) leached tropical soils
D) severe dietary restrictions caused by food taboos
E) all of the above

9. Which association is incorrect?
A) Myanmar, Irrawaddy
B) Thailand, Chao Phraya
C) Laos, Liao
D) southern Vietnam, Mekong
E) northern Vietnam, Red

10. A country in Southeast Asia that remained, for the most part, an independent state during the colonial era was:
A) Vietnam
B) Thailand
C) Borneo
D) Tonkin
E) Myanmar (Burma)

11. Which of the following was not a part of French Indochina?
A) Tonkin
B) Siam
C) Cambodia
D) Laos
E) Vietnam

12. Which of the following colonial associations is incorrect?
A) Spain, Philippines
B) Britain, Malaya
C) Netherlands, Burma
D) France, Vietnam
E)  Portugal, Timor

13. Which of the following countries was once part of British India?
A) Philippines
B) Sumatera (Sumatra)
C) Myanmar (Burma)
D) Malaysia
E) Thailand

14. Which of the following was not colonized by the Dutch?
A) Jawa
B) Sumatera (Sumatra)
C) Borneo
D) Sulawesi (Celebes)
E) Luzon

15. In 1965, _______ broke away from Malaysia and became a seperate political entity in Southeast Asia.
A) Singapore
B) Hong Kong
C) East Timor
D) Brunei
E) Borneo

16. _______ held onto eastern Timor well after the Dutch left the East Indies.
A) Portugal
B) Spain
C) Australia
D) Papua New Guinea
E) Japan

17. The largest Muslim country in the world in terms of population is:
A) Bangladesh
B) Iran
C) Pakistan
D) Indonesia
E) Nigeria

18. The ethnic group forming a significant part of the commercial class in Southeast Asia are the:
A) Chinese
B) British
C) Singaporeans
D) Malaysians
E) Indians

19. In Myanmar, Thailand, and Cambodia, most of the people are:
A) Buddhists
B) Hindus
C) Muslims
D) Chinese
E) Christians

20. The “Golden Triangle” is located around the borders of:
A) Myanmar, Laos, and Thailand
B) Vietnam, Laos, and China
C) Indonesia, Laos, and Thailand
D) Thailand, Cambodia, and Laos
E) Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam

21. The first stage in boundary evolution is:
A) mapping
B) definition
C) delimitation
D) demarcation
E) superimposition

22. A boundary is actually marked on the ground during the stage called:
A) administration
B) allocation (definition)
C) delimitation
D) demarcation
E) antecedence

23. The theory that indicates that destabilization in one area will eventually affect neighboring areas is:
A) Vietnam syndrome
B) allocation theory
C) shatter belt theory
D) domino theory
E) forward capital theory

24. An example of a relict boundary is the boundary between:
A) North and South Vietnam
B) North and South Korea
C) Myanmar and Thailand
D) Indonesia and East Timor
E) United States and Canada

25. A boundary developing contemporaneously with a cultural landscape, and adjusting to linguistic, religious, and ethnic breaks, is termed:
A) superimposed
B) relict
C) antecedent
D) subsequent
E) irredentist

26. The genetic classification of boundaries relates the political boundary’s creation to:
A) its appearance on the map as straight, curved, or irregular
B) its length (or persistence) - whether it is an attenuated or abbreviated boundary
C) the physical landscape through which it lies, whether that landscape is uniform or
D) the stage of development of the cultural landscape in the boundary area at the time the boundary was laid down
E) the degree of penetration of the boundary by roads, railroads, pipelines, etc.

27. A country that is elongated is:
A) Cambodia
B) Vietnam
C) Brunei
D) Myanmar
E) Indonesia

28. Saigon is today named after the communist leader who founded modern Vietnam, a revolutionary named:
A) Kuala Lumpur       
B) Kim Il Sung          
C) Ho Chi Minh
D) Dien Bien Phu      
E) Pol Pot

29. Cochin China is today a part of:
A) the Philippines
B) Vietnam
C) Myanmar (Burma)
D) Indonesia
E) Malaysia

30. The colonial power that lost at Dien Bien Phu in 1954 was the:
A) United States
B) British
C) French
D) Japanese
E) Chinese

31. Which country shares no common boundary with Vietnam?
A) Laos
B) Thailand
C) Cambodia
D) People’s Republic of China
E) All of the above

32. The two core areas of Vietnam are centered at:
A) Cochin China and Annam
B) Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City
C) Singapore and Kuala Lumpur
D) Da Nang and Dien Bien Phu
E) Viangchan and Phnom Penh

33. The Southeast Asian nation that is still ruled by a communist regime is:
A) Myanmar
B) Vietnam
C) Thailand
D) Papua New Guinea
E) Indonesia
34. The Southeast Asian nation that exhibits the greatest degree of compactness is:
A) Laos
B) Cambodia
C) Thailand
D) Papua New Guinea
E) Indonesia

35. Angkor Wat is located in which country?
A) Vietnam
B) Cambodia
C) Laos
D) Brunei
E) Indonesia

36. The Khmer Rouge killed as many as 2 million people in an attempt to change the society of:
A) Vietnam
B) Cambodia
C) Laos
D) Brunei
E) Indonesia

37. The poorest state in Indochina is:
A) Laos
B) Brunei
C) Thailand
D) Singapore
E) Indonesia

38. Which of the following associations is false?
A) Philippines and Manila
B) Myanmar and Yangon
C) Indonesia and Jakarta
D) Laos and Hanoi
E) Thailand and Bangkok

39. Three countries located on the Malay Peninsula are:
A) Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam
B) Malaysia, Thailand, Myanmar
C) China, Korea, Malaysia
D) Malaysia, Korea, Tibet
E) Malaya, Indonesia, Singapore

40. The Southeast Asian state that has a proruption is:
A) Laos
B) Cambodia
C) Thailand
D) Malaysia
E) Indonesia

41. The vast majority of Thailand’s Muslim population lives in the:
A) Far north
B) Bangkok area
C) border zone with Malaysia
D) Mekong River Delta
E) Golden Triangle

42. Which of the following colonial associations is false?
A) Netherlands and Indonesia           
B) Spain and Thailand
C) France and Laos
D) Great Britain and Myanmar (Burma)
E) Great Britain and Singapore

43. Which of the following associations is false?
A) Indonesia and Islam
B) Philippines and Catholicism
C) Thailand and Buddhism
D) Myanmar and Hinduism
E) Malaysia and Islam

44. An example of a country with a proruption is:
A) Cambodia
B) Myanmar
C) Vietnam
D) Brunei
E) Malaysia

45. Which of the following is a former British colony?
A) Myanmar (Burma)
B) Thailand
C) Cambodia
D) the Philippines
E) East Timor

46. The two eastern provinces of Malaysia are:
A) Sarawak and Sabah
B) Borneo and Sumatera (Sumatra)
C) Singapore and Malaya
D) Brunei and Sabah
E) Brunei and Singapore

47. The small oil rich Islamic sultanate in Southeast Asia is:
A) Kalimantan
B) Singapore
C) Brunei
D) Sulawesi
E) East Timor

48. Singapore:
A) was a British colony
B) has a large Chinese population
C) was once a part of Malaysia
D) lies on a small island
E) all of the above

49. The ethnic group that accounts for over 75% of Singapore’s population are the:
A) Indians
B) Chinese
C) Indonesians
D) British
E) Malays

50. An archipelago is:
A) a chain of islands
B) an elongated state
C) a state with two proruptions
D) best exemplified by Laos
E) a divided state on the mainland

51. Indonesia is a state located:
A) on two major islands
B) on more than 17,000 islands
C) on both the Asian mainland and the island of Borneo
D) between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean
E) B and D above

52. Most of the population of Indonesia is located on the Island of:
A) Sulawesi
B) Singapore
C) Jawa
D) Kalimantan
E) Timor

53. The island of ________ is the largest and westernmost island of Indonesia.
A) Maluku
B) Borneo
C) Sumatera (Sumatra)
D) Luzon
E) Jawa (Java)

54. The island of ________ is the Indonesian island that borders the Strait of Malacca.
A) Sulawesi
B) Borneo
C) Sumatera (Sumatra)
D) Luzon
E) Jawa (Java)

55. The island of ________ is the Indonesian island that is identified as a minicontinent.
A) Sulawesi
B) Borneo
C) Sumatera (Sumatra)
D) Celebes
E) Jawa (Java)

56. The Indonesian island of ________ contains the Minahasa Peninsula, an area that sided with the Dutch during Indonesia’s liberation from colonial rule.
A) Sulawesi
B) Borneo
C) Sumatera (Sumatra)
D) Luzon
E) Jawa (Java)

57. The now-ended policy of the Indonesian government to induce Jawanese to move to other islands was called:
A) domino development
B) transmigration
C) Indonesianization
D) Jawanization
E) ethnic cleansing

58. The state that has unresolved issues with Australia over undersea oil reserves is:
A) Thailand
B) New Zealand
C) East Timor
D) Papua New Guinea
E) Philippines

59. The two main islands in the Philippines are:
A) Mindanao and Luzon
B) Borneo and Celebes
C) Singapore and Brunei
D) Timor and Jawa
E) Sulawesi and Luzon

60. The Muslim stronghold in the Philippines is:
A) Luzon
B) the Visayan archipelago
C) the southern islands
D) Timor
E) Manila


61. The city-state commanding access to the strategic Strait of Malacca is Hong Kong.

62. Like Eastern Europe, Southeast Asia is a region of great cultural complexity that merits the label shatter belt.

63. Southeast Asia can be considered a buffer zone as well as a shatter belt.

64. The total population of Southeast Asia is relatively modest compared to the populations of India and China.

65. The population of Southeast Asia tends to be evenly spread over the realm’s fragmented land area.

66. The island of Jawa (Java) is one of the world’s most intensively cultivated areas, owing to its rich volcanic soils.

67. The mountains to the north of mainland Southeast Asia have hindered travel into the region.

68. The Khmer people form the majority of the population in Cambodia.

69. The term Malaysia refers only to those former British protectorates on the mainland.

70. The United States acquired the Philippines from Japan at the end of World War II.

71. Dutch colonialism eventually united over 17,000 islands into one state.

72. The Philippines’ last colonial master, which granted the country independence in 1946, was the United States.

73. The island of Singapore was a British colony.

74. Indonesia is the world’s most populous Muslim country.

75. In Singapore, the Chinese constitute more than 75% of the population.

76. In boundary creation, the delimitation stage precedes the demarcation stage.

77. Antecedent boundaries are decided before significant settlement of an area occurs.

78. Subsequent boundaries are decided after significant settlement of an area occurs.

79. The boundary between Singapore and Malaysia is known as a relict boundary.

80. Vietnam constitutes an elongated state.

81. Cochin China was the name of the French colonial stronghold centered on the Mekong Delta of the former country of South Vietnam.

82. More than half of Vietnam’s population was born after the Indochina War.

83. North and South Vietnam were united in 1976.

84. Vietnam has more than one core area.

85. Cambodia is a good example of an elongated state.

86. Laos is Southeast Asia’s only landlocked country.

87. The heart of Thailand lies in the Chao Phraya River basin.

88. Myanmar, unlike other Southeast Asian nations, has no ethnic minorities.

89. The Kayin (Karen), a people living in the proruption of Burma, wish to create an autonomous area within Burma.

90. East Malaysia includes Sarawak and Sabah.

91. Singapore lies on the Straits of Malacca.

92. People of Chinese descent make up a large of the population of Singapore.

93. In Singapore, the Chinese constitute more than 75% of the population.

94. Singapore has an authoritarian government and a market economy.

95. A state whose national territory consists of two or more separated parts is prorupt.

96. The island of Jawa (Java) became the focus of Netherlands administration in Southeast Asia.

97. Indonesia has ended its policy of transmigration which involved the resettlement of Jawanese to other islands.

98. Manila is located on the island of Mindanao.

99. There is a Muslim-based insurgency in the southern islands of Indonesia.

100. The two largest islands in the Philippines are Luzon and Mindanao.



101. The boundary-type that is defined and delimited before the main elements of its cultural landscape begin to develop is known as a(n) ____________.

102. Both Thailand and Myanmar are examples of states whose territorial morphologies can be classified as __________.

103. The communist leader who founded modern North Vietnam and after whom the capital of reunited Vietnam (formerly Saigon) was renamed in 1976 was __________.

104. Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) lies in the delta region of the _______________ River.

105. Countries such as the Philippines, Indonesia, and Malaysia, whose territory consists of numerous parts separated by water and/or foreign territory, are called __________ states by political geographers.

106. The world’s most populous Islamic country is ______________.

107. Banda Aceh, the city most devastated by the 2004 tsunami, is located on the Indonesian island of _______________.

108. The megacity that is the capital of Indonesia is ______________.

109. Papua, the Indonesian province that lies in the Pacific Realm, is located on the island of _______________.

110. The most important island of the Philippines, which contains the capital of Manila, is called __________.