BIO 554/754
Ornithology

Bird Identification List


Be able to identify each of the following species &, in addition, know the Order, Family, &, if provided, Subfamily of each.

For useful information about these birds, see the Patuxent Bird Identification InfoCenter & other links provided below.


      
         

Anseriformes
    Anatidae
        Anserinae
            Snow Goose
            Canada Goose
            Mute Swan
            Tundra Swan
        Anatinae
            Wood Duck (M & F)
            Gadwall
            American Wigeon
            American Black Duck
                    

            Mallard (M & F)
            Blue-winged Teal
           Northern Shoveler
           Northern Pintail
           Green-winged Teal
           Canvasback
           Redhead  
           Ring-necked Duck
           Greater Scaup
           Lesser Scaup
           Bufflehead (M & F)
          

           Common Goldeneye
           Hooded Merganser (M & F)
           Common Merganser (M & F)
           Red-breasted Merganser (M & F)
           Ruddy Duck

Galliformes
    Phasianidae
        Phasianinae
            Ring-necked Pheasant (M & F)
        Tetraoninae
            Ruffed Grouse
        Meleagridinae
            Wild Turkey
    Odontiphoridae
            Northern Bobwhite (M & F)

Gaviiformes
    Gaviidae
            Common Loon


Podicipediformes
    Podicipedidae
            Pied-billed Grebe
            Horned Grebe

Ciconiiformes
    Ciconiidae
            Wood Stork

Suliformes
    Phalacrocoracidae
            Double-crested Cormorant

Pelicaniformes
    Pelicanidae
            American White Pelican
            Brown Pelican
       
    Ardeidae
            American Bittern
            Great Blue Heron
            Great Egret
            Snowy Egret

            Cattle Egret
            Green Heron
            Black-crowned Night Heron
            Yellow-crowned Night Heron

Cathartiformes
      Black Vulture
      Turkey Vulture

Accipitriformes
  
   Pandionidae
            Osprey

       
    Accipitridae
            Bald Eagle
           
           

            Northern Harrier (M & F)
            Sharp-shinned Hawk
            Cooper's Hawk
            Northern Goshawk
            Red-shouldered Hawk
            Broad-winged Hawk
            Red-tailed Hawk
            Golden Eagle

Falconiformes
   Falconidae
        Falconinae
            American Kestrel (M & F)
            Merlin
            Peregrine Falcon

Gruiformes
    Rallidae
           Virginia Rail
            Sora

            American Coot

    Gruidae
        Gruinae
            Sandhill Crane
            Whooping Crane         

Charadriiformes
    Charadriidae
        Charadriinae
            Black-bellied Plover
            American Golden Plover
            Semipalmated Plover
            Killdeer
    
    Recurvirostridae
            Black-necked Stilt
            American Avocet

   Scolopacidae
        Scolopacinae
            Greater Yellowlegs (B)
            Lesser Yellowlegs (B)
            Solitary Sandpiper (B)
                      

           Willet              
           Spotted Sandpiper
      
           Pectoral Sandpiper
           Dunlin
           Short-billed Dowitcher (B)
           Wilson's Snipe
           American Woodcock    

        Phalaropodinae
            Wilson's Phalarope (M & F)

 

Laridae
        Larinae
            Ring-billed Gull
            Herring Gull

       Sterninae
           Common Tern (B)
           Forster's Tern (B)
           Black Tern   

    Rynchopinae
            Black Skimmer (B)    

Columbiformes
    Columbidae
            Rock Pigeon
            Mourning Dove

Cuculiformes
    Cuculidae
        Cuculinae
            Black-billed Cuckoo
            Yellow-billed Cuckoo

 Strigiformes
    Tytonidae
            Barn Owl

   Strigidae
            Eastern Screech-Owl     
           

           Great Horned Owl
            Snowy Owl
            Barred Owl
            Long-eared Owl  
            Short-eared Owl
            Northern Saw-whet Owl

Caprimulgiformes
    Caprimulgidae
        Chordeilinae
            Common Nighthawk
        Caprimulginae
            Chuck-will's-widow
            Whip-poor-will

Apodiformes
    Apodidae
        Chaeturinae
            Chimney Swift

  Trochilidae
        Trochilinae
            Ruby-throated Hummingbird (M & F)

Coraciiformes
    Alcedinidae
        Cerylinae
            Belted Kingfisher (M & F)

Piciformes
    Picidae
        Picinae
            Red-headed Woodpecker
            Red-bellied Woodpecker (M & F)
                     

            Yellow-bellied Sapsucker           
           Downy Woodpecker (M & F)
            Hairy Woodpecker
            Northern Flicker (M & F)
            Pileated Woodpecker

Passeriformes
    Tyrannidae
        Fluvicolinae
            Eastern Wood-Pewee
            Eastern Phoebe

        Tyranninae
            Great Crested Flycatcher
            Eastern Kingbird

    Laniidae
            Loggerhead Shrike

   Vireonidae
            White-eyed Vireo

            Yellow-throated Vireo
            Blue-headed Vireo (B)
            Philadelphia Vireo (B)
           Red-eyed Vireo

   Corvidae
            Blue Jay
            American Crow
            Common Raven

    Alaudidae
            Horned Lark

    Hirundinidae
        Hirundininae
            Purple Martin
            Tree Swallow
            Northern Rough-winged Swallow (B)
            Bank Swallow (B)
           
           

            Barn Swallow

   Paridae
            Carolina Chickadee
            Tufted Titmouse

   Sittidae
        Sittinae
            Red-breasted Nuthatch
            White-breasted Nuthatch

              
    Certhiidae
        Certhiinae
            Brown Creeper

   Troglodytidae
            Carolina Wren
            House Wren

  Regulidae
            Golden-crowned Kinglet
            Ruby-crowned Kinglet
   

Polioptilidae
            Blue-gray Gnatcatcher

          

Turdidae
            Eastern Bluebird (M & F)   
            Veery
            Gray-cheeked Thrush
            Swainson's Thrush
            Hermit Thrush
            Wood Thrush
            American Robin

    Mimidae
            Gray Catbird
            Northern Mockingbird           
            Brown Thrasher

    Sturnidae
            European Starling

    Bombycillidae
            Cedar Waxwing

    Parulidae
            Blue-winged Warbler
           

            Golden-winged Warbler
            Nashville Warbler (B)
            Northern Parula
            Yellow Warbler
            Chestnut-sided Warbler (B)
            Magnolia Warbler (B)
            Yellow-rumped Warbler
            Black-throated Green Warbler (B)
            Blackburnian Warbler (B)       
            Yellow-throated Warbler
           

              
            Prairie Warbler
            Palm Warbler
            Bay-breasted Warbler (B)
            Blackpoll Warbler (B)
            Cerulean Warbler
            Black-and-White Warbler
            American Redstart
            Prothonotary Warbler
            Ovenbird
            Northern Waterthrush
            Louisiana Waterthrush
            Kentucky Warbler
           

           


            Common Yellowthroat
            Hooded Warbler (B)
            Wilson's Warbler (B)
            Canada Warbler (B)

     Icteriidae
            Yellow-breasted Chat

     
    Passerellidae
            Eastern Towhee
            Chipping Sparrow
             Field Sparrow
            Grasshopper Sparrow
            Henslow's Sparrow   

            Fox Sparrow
            Song Sparrow
            White-throated Sparrow
            White-crowned Sparrow
            Dark-eyed Junco
          

    Cardinalidae

            Summer Tanager
            Scarlet Tanager
            Northern Cardinal (M & F)
            Rose-breasted Grosbeak
            Blue Grosbeak
            Indigo Bunting
           

  Icteridae
            Bobolink

           Red-winged Blackbird (M & F)
            Eastern Meadowlark
            Common Grackle
           Brown-headed Cowbird
            Orchard Oriole
            Baltimore Oriole   

    Fringillidae
        Carduelinae
            Purple Finch (M & F)
            House Finch (M & F)
            Pine Siskin (B)
            American Goldfinch
           
    Passeridae
            House Sparrow (M & F)

  Useful links:

The A.O.S.. Checklist of North and Middle American Birds


Back to BIO 554/754 Syllabus